Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles

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Apart from electric buses, a brand-new concept in limelight these days that’s called ‘Hydrogen cell bus‘.

In terms of road transport, buses within the transport network are the foremost thoroughly tested area of application for hydrogen and fuel cells. In the early 1990s few buses are being operated with hydrogen worldwide – predominantly in North America, Europe and increasingly also in Asia. Earlier the hydrogen initially still utilized in buses within internal parts of the engines. But now bus developers are now going to cell electric buses (FCEB).

Hydrogen Power

Cost of Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles like buses

Hydrogen fuel-based buses technics now being more maturity level. because of lack of production still the price of a Hydrogen fuel-based bus its price would be approx. 1.1 million USD. As compared to diesel fuel buses, which cost are going to be approx. 2.77 Lac USD.

The cost of maintenance would be also higher and specialized. So new things always come at a better price. We are assuming in future production ultimately the price of those buses will go down.

Pollution Control using Hydrogen Fuel based buses

Fuel Cell electric buses (FCEVs) are more energy efficiency advantage of those buses is around 40 regarded as compared with diesel buses. This hydrogen-electric cell technology is totally helping to stay clean the air quality. Will control pollution. FCEB based buses won’t only reduce air pollution thanks to hydrogen power these buses are going to be salient. Not just no pollution, it’ll even have no noise.

Development of Hydrogen Fuel buses

The cell Electric Buses (FCEB) in Europe currently available approx. 100 numbers aiming to increase the production of those buses between 300 and 400 vehicles by 2020.

Recently news flashed that Tata motors in India also flagged off the country’s first hydrogen fuel cell-powered bus. Tata the biggest manufacturer of Indian industry aiming to bring a replacement revolution for Indian mass transportation.

Now Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles move to the next level that is known as low emission vehicles (ULEVs) exhaust is water vapour and use as energy for a bus or car.

Range and capacity of FCEB buses

Fuel cell buses now have a range of 300 to 450 km then offer almost an equivalent flexibility as diesel buses in day-to-day operation. The FCEB buses will consume approx. 10 kg of Hydrogen for 100 km as compared to a diesel bus it might be approx. 40 to 50% less.

India's First Hydrogen Fuel cell Vehicle

Tata Motor (India) flagship its Star bus serial to integrate FCEB Hydrogen-powered Tata Starbus. Tata developed this bus with the partnership of ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation). As per shortly confirmed by the Tata Motor one among India’s metro city will soon start running FCEB based bus.

Tata Starbus Fuel Cell 30 BS IV Fuel Cell

ModelLPO 1625 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Bus
Seating Capacity 30
Fuel Cell Power System Hydrogen Fuel Cell
Fuel Cell Gross Peak Power 85 kW
Air Compressor for Fuel CellSingle Stage Twin Screw Type
Fuel System Roof-mounted Hydrogen Cylinders; 4 nos. (205 l capacity each)
Total Useful Amount of Fuel 14.5 kg
Electric Propulsion Motor 2 Rear – AC Induction Motors with Summation Gearbox
Peak Power Output of Motor 186 kW
Rated Speed Idle: 600 r/min; Max.: 2100 r/min
Rated Torque 1050 Nm @ 800 r/min
Energy Storage System Li- Ion Battery
Steering Hydraulic Power Steering Suspension Pneumatic Suspension & Hydraulic Double Acting Telescopic-type Shock Absorber at Front & Rear
Brakes Full Air Dual Circuit SCAM with ABS
Tyres 11R 22.5 Radial Tubeless; 7 nos
Max. Speed 70 km/h
Gradeability 0.17
Wheelbase 6300 mm
Body Dimensions (L X W X H)12000 mm
Floor Height 390 mm

Source: Tata Motors

Conclusion:

Hydrogen is can be reproduced using water (H2O) to Hydrogen(H2). If we will say this is often no limit for us to provide. In future Petroleum, resources are limited so this alternate solution to run the machines and vehicle. this method goes to save lots of us from a scarcity of natural resources availability.


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